National Funding for Culture: Anglo-Saxon Model
Traditionally low government subsidies in the cultural sector in Anglo-Saxon countries have been accentuated by the economic crisis and consequent spending cuts.
Private sources of funding, such as philanthropy and fundraising, are privileged.
This would seem to underscore the emphasis on developing entrepreneurship and innovation within the Anglo-Saxon educational context.
- Public Funding: The Art Council Network
- UK: Arts Council of England is the national body for the arts and responsible for distributing public funding for the arts. The Arts Council manages the National Lottery through which the public provides billions of pounds in funding for social, educational and cultural causes.
- Ireland: Arts Council is the Irish government’s agency for developing the arts.
- Scotland: Arts Council gathers and distributes funding from the Scottish government and the National Lottery.
- Private Funding: Three Main Sources
- Business: cash sponsorship (38%), in-kind sponsorship (38%), corporate membership/patronage (9%), Corporate foundation grants (8%), corporate donations (7%)
- Individual giving: major gifts (37%), Friends/membership schemes (41%), Donations (14%)
- Trusts, foundations and endowment giving: foundations dedicated to performing arts such as Youth Music in UK which support hundreds of musical projects across the country or Catalyst Arts which is a £100 million culture sector wide private giving investment scheme aimed at helping cultural organizations diversify their income streams and access more funding from private sources.
- Overall Trends
- UK : public budget allocated to arts: 1,2 billion £ (-25% in 2013).
- Arts budget accounts for less than 0,1% of public spending, yet makes it up 0,4% of the nation’s GDP. (Source: analysis from the Centre for Economics and Business research, May 2013.)
- Ireland: budget allocated to arts is 188 million € (-4% in 2013). Arts budget accounts for 0,4% in the total public budget and represents 0,2% of the GDP.
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